Do you know how to prevent the loss of vision in the child?

03 December

Most people perceive the world through vision. Abnormalities in the process of visual perception lead to the violation of the world perception and its distortion. As it’s known from observations of doctors, the loss of vision has become a common occurrence, especially in children. Many children are diagnosed with a visual impairment or ambiopia, squint, myopia and hyperopia, and disorder of lens refractivity.

You should visit the ophthalmologist for the first time with the child up to one year to determine the presence or absence of defects. There can be determined a congenital squint, cataract, glaucoma and nystagmus. Already at 2-3 years, in addition to all the above, you should check the visual acuity, visual impairment, or diagnosed ambiopia. The child of 3-7 years is being checked to the ability to accommodation. The eye exam is carried out right before the school, and alsoat 11-12 years and at 14-15 years.

Early diagnosis should be carried out to detect the disease at an early stage and help to prevent the developmental delays or abnormalities. The child, who sees poorly,perceives the world harder; he has a number of limitations that affect the development of imagination, speech and memory, on the motor activity - such children are exposed to physical inactivity, flat-footed, incorrect posture, as well as disorders of the cardiovascular system and breathing. That’s why it’s desirable to identify the different kinds of the vision loss in the early stages. After the confirmation of thedisorder diagnosis, parents should implement all the doctor's instructions, as well as motivate the child to further treatment.

Parents should attend to the child, if he squints, bendslower when writing or reading, brings toys or other objects too close, or keeps them much further. If sometimes the child looking at things with his head bowed, or complains about tearing or redness of the eyes, all these may be symptoms of visual impairment, and parents need to show the child to ophthalmologisturgently.

To avoid the doctors you shouldkeep the preventative measures for the prevention of vision loss.

Make sure to keep the distance between the eyes of the child and a book andan exercise-book, it should be about 30 cm. The distance from the TV has to be 5 times over the screen diagonal. Lighting should fall from above and slightly from the right (if the child is left-handed) or from the left (if the child is right-handed).

Before going to school, it’s desirable to do 40 minute breaks for the eyes or make some exercises with the child. Exercises, that the child should teach, are the rotation of eyes, skew the eyes to the nose, drawing circles,eights and triangles by eyes, as well as training of accommodative processes - to look at the nose and then into the distance at one point.

Spending time for any devices like PCs or tablets, and televisions, needs to be reduced to 1-1.5 hours a day. When watching a video during the day you should darken the room, and while watchingin the evening, create a light source behind the child or from the side.

The necessary sources for eye health are vitamins A, B1 and C, as well as walking on air and adherence to the day and sleep schedule. A full good night's sleep allows your child to recover strength and his eyes will have time to relax from the daily stress.

Attention and love to the child, and keeping for preventive measures can help to prevent not only vision disorder, but also to educate him asthe mental healthy and developed child.

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